What Causes Wrinkles and Fine Lines? Plus, Tips to Prevent Them

June 03, 2021

Wrinkles and fine lines are caused by a breakdown of collagen and elastin in the skin. But, why does collagen and elastin fall apart over time?

Here, we’re explaining what causes wrinkles and fine lines and how to prevent them.

Causes of Wrinkles and Fine Lines

Wrinkles and fine lines are a normal part of the ageing process. As we age, our bodies produce less collagen and elastin, causing our skin to become more brittle, dry, and thin. However, there are other factors that contribute to fine lines and wrinkles.

Common causes of wrinkles and fine lines include:

+ Facial expressions
+ Skin tone
+ Skin type
+ Sun exposure
+ Smoking
+ Dehydration
+ Other environmental and genetic factors

Facial expressions like smiling or frowning can contribute to fine lines on our faces. These repetitive movements shape the skin and these lines become deeper over time.

Your skin tone may also contribute to having wrinkles and fine lines. For example, those with darker skin tend to have a more compact dermis. Some research indicates that this prevents as much wrinkling. Darker skin also protects from UV rays.

Sun exposure is another major cause of wrinkles and fine lines. UV rays break down collagen and elastin in your skin causing it to lose its supple features prematurely.

Skin dehydration is another major cause of wrinkles and fine lines. Make sure you’re using the best skincare products possible for the ultimate hydration for your skin.

How to Prevent and Reduce Fine Lines and Wrinkles

So, now that we know what causes wrinkles and fine lines, how do we prevent them?

Make Sure You’re Moisturising

All skin types require moisturisation. After all, there’s a difference between dry and dehydrated skin. Ingredients like hyaluronic acid are incredibly hydrating and are included in some of the best skin care for fine lines and wrinkles.

As we age, our skin becomes drier since, again, we’re producing less collagen and collagen helps to keep our skin hydrated. So, replenishing with moisturising anti-ageing skincare products can be a huge help.

Take Collagen Supplements

Studies show that collagen not only helps improve skin hydration by up to 91% and reduces dryness by 76%, it can also reduce the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and crows feet.

Collagen supplements help your body replenish collagen in your skin that diminishes due to ageing. Plus, collagen supplements help re-stimulate natural collagen production, a win-win for reducing wrinkles and fine lines.

Use Sun Protection

study by dermatologists at Monash University found that Australian women appear to be ageing 20+ years faster than women in the rest of the world. 

“The amount of sunshine we have when we’re young is a major part of this study. By the time you’re 25 you’ve already had a fair bit of your long-term sun exposure. It sets you up for ageing much quicker than people in other countries.”

Lead author, Associate Professor Greg Goodman.

Since UV rays cause our collagen and elastin to break down prematurely, proper sun protection can protect your skin against wrinkles and fine lines.

Sunscreen, wide-brimmed hats, and clothes that cover your skin can go a long way. Especially in Australia, sun protection is key to protecting your collagen production for more supple, younger-looking skin.

Sleep on a Silk Pillowcase

Similar to the way facial expressions can cause wrinkles and fine lines, your sleeping position can also create wrinkles over time.

Sleeping on your side can cause wrinkles as gravity pulls your skin down in odd directions. And, sleeping on certain material can be abrasive, causing lines to form over time.

Sleeping on a silk pillowcase is kinder to your skin than cotton or linen. Also, you might try sleeping on your back instead of your side.

For younger-looking skin, shop our full collection of ProPlenish products. Between our anti-ageing face masks with hyaluronic acid, our premium marine collagen supplements, and our anti-ageing beauty slipcase, we can help you reduce fine lines and wrinkles.

ProPlenish anti-ageing beauty slipcase


Invite & Earn

Signup to start sharing your link